# List of symbols

Symbol | Name of the symbol | Unit |
---|---|---|

$(σ_x)_{max}$ | bending stress due to warping rigidity of the cross section | $\mathrm{MPa}$ |

$(τ_1)_{max}$ | shear stress due to torsional rigidity of the cross section | $\mathrm{MPa}$ |

$(τ_2)_{max}$ | shear stress due to warping rigidity of the cross section | $\mathrm{MPa}$ |

$C_W$ | warping constant | $\mathrm{mm^6}$ |

$E$ | modulus of elasticity of the material | $\mathrm{MPa}$ |

$G$ | modulus of rigidity | $\mathrm{MPa}$ |

$K$ | torsional stiffness constant | $\mathrm{mm^4}$ |

$e$ | distance from a reference to the shear center; | $\mathrm{mm}$ |